Extraction of Ektomycorrizae-Based Bacteria as an Antagonist Agent of Fusarium Disease of Plant

  • IG. SEPTRIALDY SALEDA MALIN Fakultas Kehutanan Universitas Papua
  • NUNANG LAMEK MAY Fakultas Kehutanan Universitas Papua
  • MUTAKIM Fakultas Kehutanan Universitas Papua

Abstract

Unbalanced interaction between plant and biotic or abiotic components is one of the sources to accelerate the presence of disease. The purpose of this study was to obtain a number of bacteria from Scleroderma citrinum extraction which was describing bacteria morphology, and the observed response of the potential bacteria S. citrinum as antagonists against the disease of Fusarium sp. The results obtained 7 species bacteria from S. citrinum ectomycorrhiza which had the ability to inhibition of different Fusarium sp., diseases. In addition, the 7 types of bacteria S. citrinum had different morphology. Bacterial morphology can be described based on their shapes, edges, colors, and surfaces. The result of the antagonistic test of bacterial isolate Scl 7 was suspected and had the potential to inhibit Fusarium sp., pathogen, in which it can be seen from the highest percentage from the percentage of inhibition of 41.11%. From the study, it has been observed that no visible exploitation by bacteria S. citrinum as the antagonist against Fusarium sp. Therefore, bacteria S. citrinum was suspected to contain antibiosis and competition (nutrient competitor) characteristics.

Downloads

Download data is not yet available.

References

Djatnika. 2012. Seleksi bakteri antagonis untuk mengendalikan layu fusarium pada tanaman Phalaenopsis. Balai Penelitian Tanaman Hias. Cianjur. 22(3) : 276-284. http://media.neliti.com/media/publications, (17 Mei 2018).

Hadi S. 2001. Patologi hutan : Perkembangannya di Indonesia. Fakultas Kehutanan. Institut Pertanian Bogor. Bogor.

Hartanto, Heni. 2016. Uji antagonis 5 isolat Tricoderma dari rizosfer Pinus sp terhadap pertumbuhan cendawan Collectotricum sp. penyebab penyakit antraknosa pada cabai secara in-vitro. Balai Penelitian Tanaman Sayuran.

Hutabalian M, Pinem MI, Oemry S. 2015. Uji antagonis beberapa jamur saprofit dan endofit dari tanaman pisang terhadap Fusarium oxysporum .sp. cubens di laboratorium. Fakultas Pertanian USU. Medan. 3(2) : 687 – 695. Di unduh pada : http://media.neliti.com/com/media/publications, (24 Mei 2018).

Malinda N, Soekarno BPW, Yuliani TS. 2015. Penghambatan Fusarium oxysporum oleh kultur filtrat bakteri endofit dari tanaman kedelai secara in vitro. IPB. Bogor. 11(6) : 196 – 204. http://journal.ipb.ac.id, (25 Mei 2018).

May NL. 2011. Diversitas bakteri asal spora fungi mikoriza arbuskula Gigaspora sp dan Glomus sp. serta potensinya sebagai mycorrhiza helper bakteria. [Tesis]. Bogor : Program Studi Silvikultur Tropika, IPB.

Rustam, Giyanto, Wiyono S, Santosa DA, Susanto S. 2011. Seleksi dan identifikasi bakteri antagonis sebagai agens pengendali hayati penyakit hawar pelepah Ppadi. Penelitian Pertanian Tanaman Pangan IPB. Bogor. http://panan.litbang.pertanian.go.id (23 Mei 2018).

Saragih YS, Silalahi FH. 2006. Isolasi dan identifikasi spesies fusarium penyebab layu pada tanaman markisa asam. Kebun Percobaan Tanaman Buah Barastagi. Medan. J. Hort. 169(4).

Semangun H. 2001. Pengantar ilmu penyakit tumbuhan. Fakultas Pertanian. Universitas Gadjah Mada. Yogyakarta.

Wenno T. 2015. Pemanfaatan bakteri asal endomikoriza sebagai antagonis cendawan patogen ikutan benih Pometia pinnata, Pterocarpus indicus dan Aquilaria filaria. [Skripsi]. Fakultas Kehutanan Universitas Papua, Manokwari.
Published
2020-06-30
How to Cite
IG. SEPTRIALDY SALEDA MALIN, NUNANG LAMEK MAY, & MUTAKIM. (2020). Extraction of Ektomycorrizae-Based Bacteria as an Antagonist Agent of Fusarium Disease of Plant. JURNAL KEHUTANAN PAPUASIA, 6(1), 10 - 20. https://doi.org/10.46703/jurnalpapuasia.Vol6.Iss1.178