Ethno-techno-conservation in use of Palm as Raw Material Component for Traditional Bubu of Maybrat Ethnic

  • MARIA M. BASNA Jurusan Kehutanan, Fakultas Kehutanan Universitas Papua Manokwari
  • RUDI A. MATURBONGS 2Sekolah Pascasarjana, Universitas Papua
  • ANTONI UNGIRWALU Jurusan Kehutanan, Fakultas Kehutanan Universitas Papua Manokwari

Abstract

Traditional knowledge and local wisdom related to the utilization of natural resources of the forest developed as a multi-disciplinary in the study of ethnobiology, ethnoecology, ethnoforestry, to ethno-conservation. Unfortunately, in ethnobotany studies, there are publicity gaps in documenting ecological (biological) and cultural (social) aspects in Papua related to community-based conservation management. Therefore, it is important to conduct a study related to the documentation of community-based conservation knowledge in West Papua. The purpose of this research study is to construct ethno-noconstruction of palm plants as material for making traditional bubu by the Maybrat tribe in West Papua. The results of scoping of local knowledge of bubu making and sero making techniques of the Maybrat are part of cognitive symbols that are classified as individual life skills where the conditions are highly dependent on the state of the environment in which they live and the potential of forest resources. The use of palm trees as natural resources and the local knowledge construction process of making traditional bubu as a manifestation of the Maybrat etnotecnoconservation are closely related to people's livelihoods as active and passive fishermen. Local knowledge in the use of palm trees in the process of its formation is not merely a cognitive dimension, but also the dimension of local conservation values ​​in maintaining an environmentally friendly and sustainable fish capture system that should need to be maintained.

Downloads

Download data is not yet available.

References

Albuquerque UP et al. 2018. Humans as niche constructors: Revisiting the concept of chronic anthropogenic disturbances in ecology. Perspectives in Ecology and Conservation. 16(1): 1–11. doi: 10.1016/j.pecon.2017.08.006.

Asmuruf A. 2002. Pemanfaatan nipah (Nypa fruticans Wurmb) oleh lima suku di Bintuni. [Skripsi]. Jurusan Kehutanan Fakultas Pertanian Universitas Negeri Papua, Manokwari.

Balick MJ. 1996. Transforming ethnobotany for the New Millennium. Annals of the Missouri Botanical Garden. 83(1): p. 58. doi: 10.2307/2399968.

Barrera-bassols AN, Toledo VM. 2013. Ethnoecology of the Yucatec Maya : Symbolism, Knowledge and Management of Natural Resources All use subject to JSTOR Terms and Conditions Ethnoecology Natural of the Yucatec Resources Symbolism, Knowledge Maya : and Management of. Journal of Latin American Geography. 4(1): 9–41.

Berkes F. 2009. Evolution of co-management: Role of knowledge generation, bridging organizations and social learning. Journal of Environmental Management. 90(5): 1692–1702. doi: 10.1016/j.jenvman.2008.12.001.

Cámara-Leret R et al. 2014. Ethnobotanical knowledge is vastly under-documented in northwestern South America. PLoS ONE. 9(1). doi: 10.1371/journal.pone.0085794.

Cámara-Leret R, Dennehy Z. 2019. Information gaps in indigenous and local knowledge for science-policy assessments. Nature Sustainability. 2(8): 736–741. doi: 10.1038/s41893-019-0324-0.

Dako FX et al. 2019. Community’s social capital in the management of Mutis Timau protected forest in Timor island, Indonesia. Biodiversitas. 20(8): 2177–2187. doi: 10.13057/biodiv/d200811.

Damayanti SY, Syahrani A. 2018. Teks adalah satuan bahasa yang digunakan sebagai ungkapan suatu kegiatan sosial baik secara lisan maupun tulis dengan struktur berpikir yang lengkap (Mahsun, 2014 : 1). Jurnal Pendidikan dan Pembelajaran Khatulistiwa. 7 (9).

Dharmono. 2007. Kajian etnobotani tumbuhan julakap (Centella asiatica L.) di suku Dayak bukit desa Haratai 1 Laksado. Bioscientie. 4(2):71-78.

Forster PI. 1993. The Synonymy of Anodendron paniculatum (Apocynaceae) with Notes on Distribution and Ethnobotany in Papuasia Authors (s): Paul I . Forster Published by : Springer on behalf of Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew Stable URL : http://www.jstor.org/stable/4115758. Kew Bulletin. 48(1): 139–142.

Hismayasari IB, Rahayu S, Marhendra APW. 2015. Ovary maturation stages histology and follicles diameter of Melanotaenia boesemani rainbowfish ovary from district of North Ayamaru, Maybrat Regency, West Papua. Journal of Morphological Sciences. 32(3): 157–164. doi: 10.4322/jms.082914.

Joa B, Winkel G, Primmer E. 2018. The unknown known – A review of local ecological knowledge in relation to forest biodiversity conservation. Land Use Policy. 79(May): 520–530. doi: 10.1016/j.landusepol.2018.09.001.

Mansai YY. 2003. Pemanfaatan palem oleh etnik Randawaya di Pulau Yapen. [Skripsi]. Fakultas Kehutanan Universitas Negeri Papua, Manokwari.

Matubongs RA, Arobaya AYS, Yan RP. 1996. Etnobotany of Tepin tribe in Salawati Island in Sorong Regency Irian Jaya Manokwari.

Powell JM. 1976. Ethnobotany. New Guinea Vegetation. 106–183.

Rudito B, Famiola M. 2008. Metoda pemetaan sosial. Rekayasa Sains. Bandung.

Rumbiak WF. 2000. Pemanfaatan palem oleh masyarakat etnik wondama di desa Tandia kecamatan Wasior kabupaten Manokwari. [Skripsi]. Jurusan Kehutanan Universitas Negeri Cendrawasih, Manokwari.

Roslinda E. 2018. Social capital of the community in the management of Danau Sentarum National Park, West Kalimantan, Indonesia. Biodiversitas. 19(4): 1249–1257. doi: 10.13057/biodiv/d190410.

Sardjono dan Mustofa A. 2004. Mozaik sosiologi kehutanan: Masyarakat lokal, politik dan kelestarian sumberdaya. Yogyakarta: Debut Press. Yogyakarta.

Ungirwalu A et al. 2017. The ethno-techno-conservation approach in the utilization of black fruit (Haplolobus sp.) by the Wandamen ethnic of Papua, Indonesia. Biodiversitas. 18(4): 2085–4722. doi: 10.13057/biodiv/d180408.

Ungirwalu A, Awang SA, Tokede MJ. 2018. Etnobotani buah hitam: Konstruksi etnoekologi etnis Wandamen Papua. Penerbit Deepublish, Jl. Kaliurang, Yogyakarta.
Published
2020-06-30
How to Cite
MARIA M. BASNA, RUDI A. MATURBONGS, & ANTONI UNGIRWALU. (2020). Ethno-techno-conservation in use of Palm as Raw Material Component for Traditional Bubu of Maybrat Ethnic. JURNAL KEHUTANAN PAPUASIA, 6(1), 71 - 85. https://doi.org/10.46703/jurnalpapuasia.Vol6.Iss1.199